29Mar 2018

Every country exercises strict control on medicines’ market access. Typically, this requires successful completion and adequate presentation of results from phase I through phase III clinical trials, bringing forward the findings of medicine’s safety and efficacy. The USFDA approves approximately 40 new medicines for the US market each year through this process. (1) In India, […]

21Sep 2017

Missing data are a big concern in any research project and are often unavoidable in spite of investigators’ best efforts. Missing outcomes have two effects: reduced precision and power, and bias. Also, the loss of precision is inevitable, except the possible use of the available data; e.g. to be sure not to exclude from the […]

24Nov 2016

While scientists, clinicians, and regulators play critical roles in understanding and communicating the benefits and risks of drugs/medical treatments, only patients live with their medical conditions and make choices regarding their personal care. They provide a unique voice and unique perspective. In recent years, more and more studies are focusing on patient reported outcomes (PROs). […]

30Sep 2016

Health systems have developed at different speeds, and with differing degrees of complexity throughout the twentieth century, reflecting the diverse political and social conditions in each country. Notwithstanding their diversity, all systems, however, share a common reason for their existence, namely the improvement of health for their entire populations. To attain this goal a health […]